Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods represent a classical set of techniques to simulate a sequence of probability measures through a simple selection/mutation mechanism. However, the associated selection functions and mutation kernels usually depend on tuning parameters that are of first importance for the efficiency of the algorithm. A standard way to address this problem is to apply Adaptive Sequential Monte Carlo (ASMC) methods, which consist in exploiting the information given by the history of the sample to tune the parameters. This article is concerned with variance estimation in such ASMC methods. Specifically, we focus on the case where the asymptotic variance coincides with the one of the "limiting" Sequential Monte Carlo algorithm as defined by Beskos in 2016.
We prove that, under natural assumptions, the estimator introduced by Lee and Whiteley (2018) in the nonadaptive case (i.e., SMC) is also a consistent estimator of the asymptotic variance for ASMC methods. To do this, we introduce a new estimator that is expressed in terms of coalescent tree-based measures, and explain its connection with the previous one. Our estimator is constructed by tracing the genealogy of the associated Interacting Particle System. The tools we use connect the study of Particle Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods and the variance estimation problem in SMC methods. As such, they may give some new insights when dealing with complex genealogy-involved problems of Interacting Particle Systems in more general scenarios.